Assorted Angelfish – Medium

R65.00 / each

Please note :  For the health of our fish, we only ship livestock from Monday – Wednesday. Please also note we consider the weather before booking courier your parcel. please plan accordingly. The fish we sell is mainly juvenile fish .

Possibly the most recognized freshwater fish in the aquarium hobby, angelfish belong to the family Cichlidae. Admired for their graceful swimming behavior, angelfish make stunning additions to large community aquariums.

 

14 in stock

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approximately 1-6 business days September 28, 2021 - October 1, 2021
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Description

Assorted Angel fish is a very popular mix especially if you want to start of , they can go with community fish , but also can be aggressive it all comes down to a dice role .

The two types of angelfish are freshwater and marine. There are three species of angelfish found in freshwater that have been bred by aquarists to create new strains. Approximately 89 species of marine angelfish live in shallow reefs in the tropical Atlantic, Indian, and western Pacific Oceans. The freshwater types of angelfish form the genus Pterophyllum, and the marine angels are from the Pomacanthidae family. The markings, colors, and habitat of the different types of angelfish vary widely between species.

The most common types of angelfish found in home aquariums are freshwater angels from the Cichlidae family. The three known species are P. altumP. leopoldi, and P. scalare. This trio originates from tropical South America and is found in the Orinoco, Essequibo, and Amazon River basins. These angels have flat bodies, triangular anal and dorsal fins, and distinctive dark stripes that provide camouflage among the vegetation they typically live in.

P. scalare is the most widely available species of angelfish found in freshwater. Originally described by M.H.C. Lichtenstein in 1823, this angel prefers swamps, dense vegetation, and clear or silty water. The water of its native habitat ranges between 75 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit (24 to 30 degrees Celsius) and has a pH of six to eight. These freshwater types of angels are ambush predators that target smaller fish and macroinvertebrates like larvae.

As these freshwater types of angelfish can grow tall, they often require a large tank when kept in captivity. A 50-gallon tank that is at least 18 inches (47 centimeters) deep would be sufficient for 12 to 15 angels. As these angels reach full size, the number in the tank should be reduced by half. Freshwater angelfish do best alone or in groups of more than three. Breeding pairs are monogamous and will spawn on flat surfaces in the tank like broad leaves or the glass aquarium wall. In captivity, angels are typically fed a diet of flake food and dried blood worms.

Aquarists have created new strains of freshwater angels by cross-breeding the three known species. Some strains are stripeless with dramatic coloring, while others have unique scales or fins. For example, the gold strain has a light golden body and a dark yellow head but lacks the red eyes and stripes typical of wild angels. The halfback had a silver upper body with dark stripes but a black rear and tail. The leopard has a body covered with dark brown spots.

Other types of angelfish are marine and live in tropical ocean waters among the shallow reefs. These angels often boast bright coloring and markings and have smaller fins with extensions that trail behind them in the water like streamers. Smaller species can be found in home aquariums, but the larger varieties can reach up to 24 inches (60 cm) in length and are therefore too big for most hobbyists to maintain.

These marine types of angelfish are believed to be curious and may approach scuba divers in the water. They are generally diurnal and hide within the crevices of the reefs at night. When these types of angelfish spawn, they release thousands of eggs into the water that float among the plankton until they hatch.

Marine angels typically have an ornate appearance that can change as the fish matures. For example, a male ornate angelfish will have a body decorated with thick, dark bands when immature. Once mature, the ornate will develop additional orange bands on its flanks. The French angelfish has black scales that are rimmed in yellow, a white chine, and eyes highlighted in blue. Such variety of color attracts many aquarists to these types of angelfish.

 

  • There are two main types of this species: freshwater angelfish (Pterophyllum) of the family Cichlidae, and marine angelfish classified under the Pomacanthidae family.
  • Freshwater angelfish, known as the tropical cichlids of the Amazon Basin, has three currently recognized species: (1) Pterophyllum altum (altum angelfish, deep angelfish, or Orinoco angelfish), (2) Pterophyllum leopoldi (teardrop angelfish, Leopold’s angelfish, dwarf angelfish, or roman-nosed angelfish), and (3) Pterophyllum scalare (freshwater angelfish).
  • The family of marine angelfish has about 88 species and eight genera: (1) Apolemichthys, (2) Centropyge, (3) Chaetodontoplus, (4) Genicanthus, (5) Holocanthus, (6) Paracentropyge, (7) Pomacanthus, and (8) Pygoplites.

HISTORY

  • F. Schultze named the freshwater angelfish (P. scalare) in 1824.
  • Pterophyllum came from the Greek words πτερον, translated as pteron which means “fin or sail”, and φυλλον, interpreted as phyllon, meaning “leaf”.
  • J. Pellegrin and J.P. Gosse named P. altum and P. leopoldi in 1906 and in 1963.
  • Marine angelfish derived their family name Pomacanthidae from the Greek word πομα, read as poma meaning “cover” and ακάνθα, translated as akantha meaning “thorn”.

ANATOMY AND APPEARANCE

  • More triangular in shape, freshwater angelfish are laterally compressed and generally grows up to 6 inches in length. Based on research, P. leopoldi species have 29 to 35 scales in a row. P. scalare, however, is known to have 35 to 45 scales.
  • Both of these species have the same coloration, although a fain stripe between the eye and the first complete body stripe, and a third incomplete body stripe can be seen between two main body stripes that masks three-fourth of the length of the P. leopoldi’s body.
  • Freshwater angelfish were originally standard silver in color.
  • However, due to mutations, breeders have produced a number of interesting and beautiful varieties.
  • Some popular color variations include, but are not limited to: marble, veil, zebra, ghost, albino, black lace, leopard, gold, blushing, koi, smokey, altum, half black, and pearlscale.
  • Most closely related to butterflyfish, marine angelfish are usually covered in vibrant markings and can grow up to 12 inches in length.
  • These colors change drastically as they get older. It is assumed this phenomenon suggests the social hierarchy of the marine angelfish.
  • They have small mouths, large pectoral fins, and rounded tail fins.
  • Gray angelfish (Pomacanthus arcuatus), the largest of all species of marine angelfish, can reach up to 24 in (60 cm) in length.

BEHAVIOR

  • Freshwater angelfish are capable to camouflage among the aquatic plants due to their triangular shape. Wild species of this type have more distinctive dark vertical stripes, allowing them to blend in easier.
  • They also become aggressive towards each other, especially during the mating season. Males fight with other males over mates, and females are protective of their offsprings from other fish looking for food.
  • Marine angelfish are known to be quite a bold and fearless species, noted for their curious behavior towards divers. Although some are solitary, they usually form territorial and defensive mating pairs or even groups with one male and a number of females.
  • Angelfish kept as pets are prone to ich (sometimes called ick). This is an opportunistic parasitic condition caused by overcrowding, poor water conditions, and improper diet.

HABITAT AND DIET

  • Both types of angelfish need very specific water conditions, such as salt and pH levels, making them difficult to maintain in house aquariums.
  • Freshwater angelfish are native to the Amazon Basin, Orinoco Basin, and other rivers in the Guiana Shield in tropical South America. They prefer cleaner waters and temperatures between 25°C to 30°C. These species are sensitive to poor water quality.
  • Freshwater angelfish prey on smaller fish, invertebrates, and even particles of food found in water. They are hunted by larger species of birds, fish, and other marine mammals.
  • Marine angelfish are perciform fish found on shallow ocean reefs in the tropical Atlantic, Indian, and western Pacific Oceans, in depths of up to 50 meters only.
  • They wander on algae attached to coral reefs and rocks. Marine angelfish feed on shrimps, and other small species of fish and prawn.
  • Sharks, marine mammals, and humans are the main predators of marine angelfish. Juvenile and smaller species are preyed upon by different aquatic and terrestrial animals, such as birds.

REPRODUCTION

  • Freshwater angelfish lay 100 to 1000 eggs on a flat leaf or an underwater log, which hatch after a few days.
  • Baby angelfish, also called “fry”, stay inside the egg for a week after hatching while consuming the remaining yolk in the egg sac. Angelfish fry become free swimming as soon as they detach from their eggs, feeding from nutrients in the water and on plants.
  • P. leopoldi fry shows three to eight body stripes, while P. scalare only has two.
  • Angelfish pairs form long-term relationships and usually breed for life – if one of the parent dies, the widowed angelfish will refuse to mate with any other angelfish.
  • Marine angelfish lay their eggs straight into the water, causing them to float in the ocean and mixing with plankton, until they hatch. A number of eggs, however, are eaten by animals that prey on plankton in the water.

AQUARIUM CARE

  • Angelfish are easy to keep as pets and can live up to 10 years, if they are given proper aquarium conditions.
  • Because of their lateral bodies, it is better for owners to house these species in tall aquariums, with a capacity of at least 20 gallons. Larger tanks give these fish more space for a better feeling of security.
  • Water temperature should be around 78°F to 80°F.
  • Broadleaf aquatic plants like the Amazon sword plants, Java moss, water sprite Ceratopteris spp, and Java fern make good choices for an angelfish aquarium since they allow these fish to lay their eggs on a natural surface.

Angelfish Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Angelfish across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Angelfish worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Angelfish which is known for its enchanting colors and unique shape. Among the most distinguished fish, angelfish are adored for their elegant swimming behavior.

Additional information

Weight500 g
Dimensions100 × 100 × 1250 mm

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